AGA Publishes White Paper Critical Of Sweepstakes Cafes

This story was published more than 11 years ago.

U.S. gaming lobby the American Gaming Association has published a white paper on Internet sweepstakes cafes, nothing that the cafes skate by state sweepstakes laws and generally aren't licensed.

The AGA filed a white paper last year, but have since revised it, noting that:

"The businesses, which are designed to take advantage of state sweepstakes laws and avoid state anti-gambling laws and gambling licensing restrictions, are estimated to earn more than $10 billion a year with games that closely mimic the experience of traditional slot and video poker machines but without the consumer protections required of commercial gaming operators," the Association claims, noting that in recent years, thousands of Internet sweepstakes cafes have sprung up in more than a dozen states total circumvention of state anti-gambling laws and gambling license requirements."

The paper goes on to make the following policy notes and commentaries on the industry, noting:

  • (That) After making very little investment, these rogue businesses spread quickly and become entrenched, posing a threat to existing state-licensed businesses and the thousands of jobs they create.

  • Although they often claim otherwise, Internet sweepstakes cafes sell games that involve prize, consideration and chance and, thus, are engaged in the business of gambling.

  • In the vast majority of communities where they operate, cafes lack regulation of (1) the integrity of the owners and operators, (2) the fairness of the games, (3) the exclusion of customers too young to gamble, and (4) their location, including the proximity to schools or churches.

  • They do not educate customers about responsible gaming or contribute funds to combat problem gambling. In addition, neither the cafes nor the software companies that support them pay state or local gaming taxes. To the contrary, their largely unreported profits may siphon revenues from state-authorized businesses.

  • The American Gaming Association believes that strict regulation to protect consumers is the cornerstone of gambling policy and should apply to all forms of gambling. Responsible public policy should prohibit Internet sweepstakes cafes, as numerous states have done.

Speaking on the matter AGA President and CEO Frank Fahrenkopf said: “Sweepstakes cafe proprietors claim that these under-the-radar businesses don’t constitute gambling and would like to continue to operate without the accountability of normal gaming establishments, but if they aren’t controlled, states, existing gaming businesses and consumers all stand to lose."

“That is why the AGA is educating governors, state legislators and regulators about this threat and working with them to deal with these establishments.”

The complete white paper can be downloaded through the AGA's website at:

About the author

Dustin Jermalowicz // News Editor
Dustin Jermalowicz
Dustin has a long-standing passion for gambling. He has been writing professionally on the subject and breaking industry news for Casino Listings since 2011. His favorite casino games include Blackjack, Poker, and Hi/Lo. A proud native of Detroit, Dustin currently lives in Michigan.